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Column-shaped juniper is one of the oldest plants, surprising not only by its unpretentiousness, but also by unique healing properties. This coniferous creature belongs to the cypress family and grows mainly in moderate climatic conditions. Many of its varieties are in North America, Europe and Asia. Varieties are diverse in height and crown shape. In Russia, juniper can be found mainly in the forest-steppe zone, in the eastern and western parts of Siberia.
Juniper-shaped juniper grows on different soil, but it can mainly be found on dry soils of hills or on mountain slopes, along river banks and on limestone. Ephedra loves moderately moist sandy soil, although it can often be found in marshy areas. Columnar juniper is an evergreen plant, its height varies from 1 to 3 m, annual growth averages 15 cm. By the age of 10, it grows to 2 m in height.
Small needles with pointed tips have a pleasant coniferous aroma, so the branches are often used for harvesting bath brooms. The name this representative received because of its colonial shape. Its shoots do not hang down, as in most brothers, the root system grows superficially. The columnar juniper looks amazing on the lawns and in a variety of group plantings.
It is recommended to plant juniper only in fully lit places, where the sun penetrates constantly. If the bush grows in the shade, then you should not expect much from it: it will not take on the conical shape of a crown familiar to juniper, the branches will begin to grow in all directions.
The columnar juniper is very unpretentious, and this is why it is loved by many owners of sites. In order for the plant to please with decorativeness, it is necessary to plant it after preliminary preparation of the site. For example, if it is planned to plant juniper in the open ground, then it is better to do this in the spring. You should not wait for complete warming, you can start landing immediately as soon as the snow has melted and the frozen ground has thawed. You can arrange planting work at a later time, but there is a risk of burning needles.
It is not recommended to plant in the autumn, as there is a risk that the conifer will not take root in the ground before the onset of cold weather. If the plant was purchased in a container, then it can be planted at absolutely any time of the year, even in the hot summer season. The only condition is to close the seedling from scorching sunlight.
Acidic soil is favorable for young growth; sand and peat can be added to the planting pit to acidify the soil. To mulch the root circle, peat and wood chips are suitable. The layer is poured into 10-15 cm to prevent excessive evaporation of moisture in hot weather and the growth of weeds. If ground water lies on a garden plot close to the soil surface, then drainage should be arranged.
At the bottom of the landing pit, you can pour pebbles, gravel or sand with a layer of 15-25 cm.
Gardening experts say that plants that previously grew in small containers with a volume of not more than 5 liters are best established. It should be planted with a lump of earth, do not shake the roots from the ground. If you need to transplant a large plant, and before that transport it, you need to carefully dig it out of the ground and wrap a lump of earth with the root system in burlap. It is even better to place the bush in a special shipping container.
It is highly recommended not to transplant an already adult specimen. This is explained by the fact that an adult colony-shaped juniper has a complex root system that grows extensively on the surface, so it is impossible to dig out a bush without damaging the root system. Such a procedure will inevitably destroy the plant.
There is no obstacle to planting juniper brought from the forest. Experts are inclined to believe that this option is even more reliable, since the material for planting in this case is selected independently. It is better to take a young plant from the forest, since its root system is still quite small. Before digging, it should be noted which part of the bush was on the sunny side. During subsequent planting, this factor must be taken into account to ensure better adaptation of the seedling. It is recommended to dig out with a sufficient lump of earth, it should be wrapped in a bag for safe transportation. Forest juniper is planted in compliance with the above rules.
You should not really hope that a whole juniper tree can grow from a seed, it will be better to do this by cuttings, however, the seeds also germinate. Therefore, they must be collected from young plants about 2 years old during the period when their berries are at the peak of ripening (they must be dark). The collected seeds must be placed in a prepared substrate of peat, moss and sand. A container with plantings for the winter period is taken out to create natural conditions for further germination. In May, it will already be possible to transplant seedlings into the prepared soil.
Growing from cuttings is a simpler method. To do this, cut off several annual twigs from an adult tree, clean them from needles. After that, you will need to place the stem in a special solution that stimulates the formation of roots. Once the stalk is ready, it can be planted in a substrate. After planting, the soil is moistened, the container is wrapped with foil and put in a dark place. The substrate should not dry, it must be ventilated from time to time. After about a month or two, the cuttings will give root.
The columnar juniper is unpretentious, but requires compliance with the simplest rules of care: