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Kalanchoe Kalandiva is a very popular decorative plant at home. This is an unpretentious indoor type of indoor flower that does not require special care, but is distinguished by the attractiveness of flowering and quite compact sizes.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva is a short plant from the family Crassulaceae. The maximum height of the aerial part of the decorative culture, subject to growing technology, does not exceed 40 cm. This indoor flower belongs to the category of succulent plants. and has a thick bare and fleshy stem part. The foliage is round or ovoid in shape, characterized by short petioles and an opposite arrangement.
Leaf blades have an attractive dark green color and have rounded teeth. The average leaf length of an adult plant is approximately 50 mm with a width of 30 mm. Decorative culture blooms spectacularly for six months. The flowers are erect, terry type. The average flower diameter does not exceed one centimeter. Flowers at the top of the aerial parts are collected in racemose-like inflorescences. Depending on the varietal characteristics, the corolla can differ in a wide variety of colors, including yellow, red, purple, orange or white.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva mini is a variety of Kalanchoe Blossfeld. Kalanchoe Mix is a succulent plant that has been bred using Kalanchoe Kalandiva Mini, and in essence is its hybrid form. The homeland of the parent species is the territory of Africa, South America and Asia.
Breeding work has allowed the variety Mix to obtain some distinctive characteristics of maternal culture. The main difference is the significant duration of annual flowering. The most common pink color of inflorescences and white flower culture.
In indoor floriculture, our compatriots are accustomed to call Kalanchoe "the tree of life" or "indoor ginseng", which is due to the healing properties of the vegetable juice contained in the fleshy foliage. Plant materials are successfully used in gynecology and dentistry, and also have a stimulating effect on the regeneration of damaged or injured tissues.
The therapeutic properties of Kalanchoe can be used to prevent and treat the following diseases and conditions:
In the presence of a common cold twice a day, you need to dig in the juice of the plant, drip a couple of drops in each nostril. Acute respiratory viral diseases and flu, accompanied by inflammatory processes in the throat, can be treated with Kalanchoe juice and water, mixed in a 1: 1 ratio. In case of psoriasis, diseased skin areas should be treated with mixtures based on 15 g of Kalanchoe juice, 45 g of eucalyptus oil and 15 g of honey, infused for three days.
On the basis of Kalanchoe foliage, you can make an alcohol tincture. To prepare the tincture, you need to grind the leaves and fill them with a capacity of 500 ml, after which the vegetable raw material is poured with vodka. You need to insist the raw materials for a week in a dark place, and then strain. Alcohol tincture is used in the treatment of varicose veins and mastopathy, as well as pustules and some diseases of the oral cavity.
It is not at all difficult to take care of a home decorative plant in indoor floriculture. The main thing is to timely and correctly transplant the crop, as well as to carry out standard measures for watering, top dressing and pruning.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva is one of the fairly light-loving indoor plants, so this potted culture can be grown on the southern windows. Important to remember, that prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can adversely affect decorative qualities, so it is advisable to obscure the aerial part of the perennial from the midday sun. Kalanchoe is very well adapted for growing on bright windows of the western and eastern directions.
Perennial grows well enough and develops in almost any temperature regime, but the optimum temperature is 20-26aboutC. Along with other succulent plants, Kalanchoe is not too demanding on certain indicators of humidity, and for preventive and hygienic purposes, an indoor plant should be periodically removed to remove dust and dirt under the shower. It is also not recommended to install a flower pot with a perennial culture near heating appliances.
A beautifully flowering and at the same time medicinal plant, due to its botanical features, is able to accumulate moisture in foliage. Thanks to this feature, Kalanchoe suffers a drought for some time quite easily and without consequences for its condition and external data.
But bays and waterlogging of the soil substrate can really become destructive, therefore, irrigation measures must be carried out very competently, only as the earthen coma in the planting tank dries enough. Winter irrigation should be rare, about a couple of times a month.
Along with other decorative perennials, Kalanchoe Kalandiva periodically needs to be fertilized. For the purpose of feeding, complex full-fledged fertilizers for succulent plants or cacti are most often used. It is necessary to breed fertilizers in half dose and to bring in with irrigation measures twice a month.
No less important when growing succulents is a timely transplant. In order to properly transplant a culture, you need to remember that for this, ready-made substrates for cacti and succulents or self-made mixes based on peat, sod land, and medium-grained sand are best suited. The culture must be provided with high-quality drainage.
Timely and competent pruning is an important condition for growing any flowering varieties. Perennial pruning should be drastically removed, removing peduncles as low as possible. All well-developed, strong and completely healthy young shoots after pruning can be used for further rooting.. In the summer, pinching of the apical part is recommended in order to form lateral shoots and prevent stretching.
Propagation of Kalanchoe Kalandiva can be done in a few simple ways, but most often in conditions of indoor cultivation by domestic florists, stem cuttings are used. In this case, the parent plant is required to very carefully cut off the fully matured shoot, after which the rooting of the planting material in well-moistened sand is carried out.
The rooting stalk needs to be covered with a glass in order to create greenhouse conditions. The root system is formed quite quickly, and the rooting process takes a week and a half. A decorative culture blooms after planting in a permanent place after about six months.
A more complicated method of propagation is leaf cuttings. Seed propagation is a risky measure and is often accompanied by the absence of the parental plant varietal properties in the resulting seedlings.
Winter waterlogging of the soil often becomes the cause of damage to plants by rot, so you need to observe the watering regime at the dormant stage and carry out preventive treatment with fungicides.
Of the pests, the mealybugs are especially dangerous, which are located on foliage and stems. For the struggle, mechanical cleaning of the aerial parts with the alcohol tincture of garlic or calendula is used. Quite often, beginning flower growers are faced with a lack of flowering. The reason for this situation is a violation of care, as well as a lack of sunlight and improper temperature conditions.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva is not just a beautifully flowering and unpretentious decorative culture that requires minimal maintenance, but also a variety that is almost ideally suited for growing indoors under flower growing conditions.