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Melon cultivation in open ground is more suitable for regions with fairly warm and long summers. However, the cultivation of new and very promising varieties made it possible to cultivate melons in the open air not only in the Moscow Region and in the middle zone of our country, but also in Siberia and the Urals. The cultivation of melons in unprotected soil suggests a seedling method of cultivation.
It is practically impossible to grow large-fruited medium-late and late varieties of melon in open-soil ridges in soil-climatic conditions of the middle zone, therefore only early ripening varieties and hybrids should be grown herethat are able to fully realize their yield potential.
Of course, the highest possible yield can be obtained only in protected ground, but also when growing outdoors, it is possible to grow a good crop of heat-loving gourds, subject to the following recommendations:
Landing should be carried out in a sufficiently warm soil and when warm weather is established. In the first two weeks, it is advisable to provide planted seedlings with a film cover in the territory of the Moscow Region, which will protect the plants from a sudden cold snap and traumatic sunlight.
Further care for the cultivated melon crop consists of standard measures, which include irrigation with warm water and top dressing, removal of weed vegetation and shallow loosening of the soil. Also treatment of the aerial parts of plants with chemical insecticidal and fungicidal agents should be carried out in a timely manner.
Almost the entire Urals and the territory of Siberia belong to the risky farming zone, so growing melons in open ground is a difficult and troublesome task. Since it is supposed to grow melon in unusual conditions for a thermophilic culture, then seed material is recommended to be hardened. For this purpose, melon seeds that have passed the calibration and disinfection process must be immersed in warm water at 35 ° C, and then artificially lower the water temperature values to 0 ° C. Such an event is held three to four times, a few days before sowing.
Of particular importance is compliance with agricultural technology, which involves the following activities:
At the stage of crop formation, gourds are fed every two weeks with fertilizers in the form of herbal infusions with the addition of wood ash. It is also important to observe the main feeding regimen.
The first fertilizer should be carried out a couple of weeks after planting melon seedlings in a permanent place, in open ground. During this period, it is best to feed the gourds with a solution of mullein, chicken manure or saltpeter. All subsequent feeding is carried out every two weeks with the use of complex fertilizers. At the stage of filling and ripening, watering and top dressing should be reduced to a minimum.
Summer in the Siberian region and in the Urals is quite warm, but very short, therefore, just like in central Russia, only early ripe and ultra-early melons are able to ripen here. In addition, pIt is recommended to give preference to varieties and hybrids that have maximum resistance to temperature extremes and other, most unfavorable external factors.
|Cultivation region||Grade||Group||Feature and Benefits|
|Siberia and the Urals||"Barnaulka"||Early ripening variety that forms a crop by mid-summer||Resistance to rainy weather, fruit formation with creamy-orange, moderately sweet flesh.|
|Altai||Early ripening grade with average commercial qualities||Relative disease resistance and the formation of oval fruits with smooth or weakly segmented orange surfaces|
|"Early-133"||Early ripe transportable variety with excellent commercial characteristics||Variety resistant to fusarium wilting and anthracnose with white, thick, crumbly-dense, tender and sweet flesh|
|"Sybarite Dream"||Ultra-early and unpretentious variety||Fruits to a severe cooling, forming oval fruits with white, very sweet and juicy pulp|
|Midland and Moscow Region||"Cinderella"||Early and high-yielding variety||Unpretentious and fairly resistant to adverse climatic conditions|
|Zlata||Mid early harvest variety||A disease-resistant variety with white, dense, thick, sweet taste, juicy and aromatic pulp|
|"Tender"||Mid early harvest variety||Commercial grade light green, medium thickness, tender and fine-grained pulp|
|Oksana-F1||Hybrid form of medium early ripening||Elliptical yellow fruit with a light cream, tender, crispy and juicy pulp|
|Southern regions||Alushta||Mid-season relatively still variety||Drought-resistant and relatively disease-resistant, with thick, white, aromatic, oily and tender flesh|
|"Cossack"||Medium ripening commercial grade||Oval fruits with white, fibrous, slightly crisp, dense and juicy pulp|
|Golden||Harvest and transportable medium-ripening variety||Resistant to low temperatures and other adverse conditions, delicious variety|
|"Collective farmer"||Mid-season transportable variety||Time-tested reliable variety with the characteristic taste of southern melon|
It should be noted that many amateur gardeners have long and quite successfully cultivated melons in open ground, Guided by the following tips and tricks from experienced melon growers:
It is important to remember that if a forced early landing of melon seedlings is carried out and the threat of freezing frost has not passed, then arcs should be installed over the ridges and a film or non-woven covering material should be pulled.